| Strain Characteristics
||BUF/Mna rats develop spontaneous thymoma, muscle atrophy and nephropathy.<br />
BUN/Mna starts to develop thymoma at 9 months of age (Matsuyama, 1988). The thymoma was defined as epithelial cell tumors by transplant experiments using ACI rats (Taguchi, 1992). A linkage study revealed that thymoma susceptibility was determined by an autosomal dominant locus <i>Tsr1</i> (thymoma susceptible locus of rat 1) and it was located between <i>D7Wox16</i> and <i>D7Rat21</i> on chromosome 7 (Oyabu, 1999; Higo, 2000). <br />
At pre-thymoma age, BUF/Mna rats have extremely large thymuses mainly in cortex. A linkage analysis showed two polymeric autosomal loci, <i>Ten1</i> and <i>Ten2</i>, regulating thymus enlargement in BUF/Mna and they were mapped on chromosome 1 and 13, respectively (Murakumo, 1996; Ye, 2000). <br />
BUF rats were susceptible to thymic lymphomas (Ogui, 1989) but resistant to MNNG-induced stomach carcinogenesis (Ohgaki, 1983). BUF rats spontaneously develop progressing atrophy of fast-twitch type muscle (Kato, 1982) and proteinuria associated with focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (Nakamura, 1986). For those phenotypes, one or more QTL genes were mapped (Ogui, 1995; Amo, 1997; Murayama, 1998; Ushijima, 2000). (Oct 12, 2010)
||Matsuyama M, Nagayo T
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Genetic mapping of genes regulating the thymus size in back-cross rats between the laboratory BUF/Mna strain and the MITE strain derived from the wild rat, Rattus norvegicus.
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Actin-related protein 3 (Arp3) is mutated in proteinuric BUF/Mna rats
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Congenic strain differences of renal malformations in ACI/Mna rats by introgression of the chromosomal region of BUF/Mna rats containing Pur1.
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Circulating Angiopoietin-like 4 links proteinuria with hypertriglyceridemia in nephrotic syndrome.
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Yoshihara M, Sato T, Saito D, Ohara O, Kuramoto T, Suyama M.
Application of target capture sequencing of exons and conserved non-coding sequences to 20 inbred rat strains.
Genomics Data. 2016 Dec; 10: 155-157